What Is CP In Manufacturing?

What is a good CP and CPK?

We generally want a Cpk of at least 1.33 [4 sigma] or higher to satisfy most customers.

Cpk can have an upper and lower value reported.

If the upper value is 2 and the lower is 1, we say it has been shifted to the left..

What is CP SPC?

Capability (Cp) and performance (Cpk) charts illustrate a process’s ability to meet specifications. Although SPC control charts can reveal whether a process is stable, they do not indicate whether the process is capable of producing acceptable output—and whether it is performing to capability.

What is Cp and Cpk PDF?

Cpk| 2.0 Terminologies. •Cp: process capability index. •Cpk: minimum process capability index. •Pp: process performance index. •Ppk: minimum process performance index.

What is the difference between CP and PP?

The biggest difference between Cp and Pp is how the Standard Deviation is determined. Pp we use sampling and have to calculate an estimated standard deviation of the sample. In Cp we are assuming a stable process and will likely have enough data to calculate a true standard deviation.

What does CPK 1.67 mean?

Excellent, CapableThe Capability Index, Cpk. The outcome of a Process Capability study is a single metric, which provides an indication of the ability of a process to consistently provide output which is within required specifications. CPK <1.00 (Poor, incapable) 1.00< CPK <1.67 (Fair) CPK >1.67 (Excellent, Capable)

How many Sigma is 1.67 Cpk?

6 sigmaCp = Cpk = 1.67. The sigma level is now 5 – the specifications are five standard deviations away from the average. The out of specification has decreased to 0.57 ppm. The fourth curve represents that magical 6 sigma level.

What does a Cp of 1.5 mean?

A Cp of less than one indicates that the process spread is greater than the specification. This means that some of the data lies outside the specification. … So a Cp of 1.5 means the process can fit inside the specification 1.5 times. A Cp greater than one is obviously desirable.

What is CPK and how is it calculated?

Cpk is a process capability index used to measure what a process is capable of producing. … The formula for the calculation of Cpk is Cpk = min(USL – μ, μ – LSL) / (3σ) where USL and LSL are the upper and lower specification limits, respectively.

What is CP CPK formula?

The equation for Cpk is more complicated: [minimum(mean – LSL, USL – mean)] / (0.5*NT). LSL stands for Lower Specification Limit and USL stands for Upper Specification Limit. Often we describe Cpk as the capability the process is achieving whether or not the mean is centered between the specification limits.

How do you read CP and CPK?

If the overall average is in the center of the specification, the Cp and Cpk values will be the same. If the Cp and Cpk values are different, the overall average is not centrally located. The larger the difference in the values, the more offset the overall average. This concept is shown graphically below.

What does a Cp of 1.33 mean?

Process capability indexProcess capability index (Cpk) is a statistical tool, to measure the ability of a process to produce output within customer’s specification limits. … Cpk = or >1.33 indicates that the process is capable and meets specification limits.

What does CPK stand for?

Creatine phosphokinaseCreatine phosphokinase (CPK) is an enzyme in the body. It is found mainly in the heart, brain, and skeletal muscle.

How do you calculate PP?

Calculating Process Capability (Pp) Pp = (USL – LSL) / 6* s : where s the standard deviation, or the ‘fatness’ or dispersion of the bell curve.

What is CP in quality?

Cp and Cpk, commonly referred to as process capability indices, are used to define the ability of a process to produce a product that meets requirements. In other words, they define what is expected from an item for it to be usable. …

What is CP Six Sigma?

Cp measures the capability of a process to meet its specification limits. It is the ratio between the required and actual variability. More mathematically, the Cp is the ratio of the Spec difference (upper – lower) divided by 6-sigma, which is the spread of a normal curve.